Co. G, 16th Illinois Cavalry from April 1, 1863 to August 15, 1865.
Enlisted as private in Springfield, Ill. , after crossing Confederate lines by walking, stagecoach and steamboat. Like many Texas Germans, he felt U. S. should be kept together. Born in Zellerfield, Germany. Came to Texas via Old Indianola with parents in 1846. Married Marie Wagenschien 1866. Pioneer merchant. Prominent citizen.