Born in Florida; came to Texas in childhood. A cowboy in youth -- drove cattle to Kansas, Wyoming. Attended Covey College, Concrete.
Appointed sheriff of DeWitt County, 1892; he served 15 years. Used persuasiveness and tact in handling duties. One of the prisoners he held was notorious gunman John Wesley Hardin.
Married twice; father of five children. Member of Old Trail Drivers Association; president, Texas Sheriffs Association.